Pavilhão de Segurança do Hospital Miguel Bombarda

The Hospital Miguel Bombarda, installed in the former Convento de Rilhafoles since 1848, operated as a psychiatric hospital until 2011. The security pavilion, circular plan, open patio and single storey, was designed according to the design of the pan-optic idealized by Jeremy Bentham , in 1785, to allow control of the entire enclosure from a surveillance tower to the center.
From the authorship of architect João Maria Nepomuceno, this pavilion was inaugurated in 1896 and was destined to be an infirmary-prison for patients considered dangerous or coming from penitentiary. It was deactivated in 2000 and became an Infirmary-Museum.